OS/2 FAQ


OS/2 Programming FAQ - пpогpаммиpование. Статья 020

Q Generic time slicing function for many multi-taskers
A
(DZ FAQ) Serg Projzogin
;========================================================================
;
;  SLICE.ASM
;
;  Provides a generic time slicing function for all multi-taskers I know
;  or care about.
;
;  Note that this library is Turbo Assembler specific, since I have long
;  since weaned myself from MASM's brain-dead memory addressing syntax.
;
;  This library is designed to be easily extended; for each new
;  multi-tasker supported, you need to write a detect routine and a
;  time-slice routine.
;
;  Your detection function will take no input, and should return with
;  carry set if the associated multi-tasker is detected. This routine
;  may safely alter register AX. No other registers should be altered.
;
;  The time-slice routine will take no input and give up a "standard"
;  timeslice for the associated multi-tasker. This routine may safely
;  alter registers AX, BX and DS. No other registers should be altered.
;
;  Once you have such routines written, add their addresses to the
;  arrays detect_func and slice_func below. Increment the
;  NumMultitaskers equate, and you're done.
;
;  This library placed in the public domain by Kevin Vigor, 1/5/93.
;  I would, however, appreciate it if you do the following two things:
;
;   1: If you distribute an altered version of this source, please add to
;      this header a log of your changes;
;
;   2: If you discover any bugs or extend this library, please send a copy
;      of your changes to me at one of the below addresses:
;
;           Compuserve: 72500,3705
;           Internet:   kevin@wicat.com
;                       72500.3705@compuserve.com
;========================================================================


IDEAL                   ; Requires Turbo Assembler.

MODEL SMALL             ; This may be changed to any model safely. Note,
; however, that you will not be able to link
; this routine to a .COM, since it makes explicit
; segment refrences. This is just laziness; I
; haven't bothered to do all the ifdef'ing.

LOCALS                  ; Allow local symbols starting with @@

DATASEG

; Define known multitaskers.
None        equ 0
DesqView    equ 1
Windows_3x  equ 2
OS2_2x      equ 3

NumMultitaskers EQU 3                           ; Do not include 'None'

current_tasker  dw 0                            ; Detected multi-tasker

; Table of detection routines.

detect_func     DW  OFFSET @code:dummy_detect
DW  OFFSET @code:Desqview_detect
DW  OFFSET @code:Windows_3X_detect
DW  OFFSET @code:OS2_2x_detect

; Table of time-slicing functions.

slice_func      DW OFFSET @code:dummy_slice
DW OFFSET @code:Desqview_slice
DW OFFSET @code:Win_3x_or_OS2_2x_slice
DW OFFSET @code:Win_3x_or_OS2_2x_slice

CODESEG

PUBLIC _detect_multitasker, _timeslice

;; Detection routines: return with carry set if the appropiate tasker is
;; detected and clear if not.

PROC dummy_detect       ; SHould never be called, but does no harm.
clc                     ; Always fail.
ret
ENDP

PROC    Desqview_detect ; Return with carry set if Desqview detected.
;
; This routine is based on information in the Desqview version 2.x manual.
push    ax
push    bx
push    cx
push    dx

mov     cx, 'DE'
mov     dx, 'SQ'
mov     ax, 02B01h                  ; DOS set date function.
int     021h
cmp     al, 0FFh                    ; Did DOS report the invalid date?
jnz     @@desqview                  ; If not, we've got Desqview.

clc                                 ; Report failure.

@@clean_stack:
pop     dx
pop     cx
pop     bx
pop     ax
ret

@@desqview:

; BH = Desqview major version, BL = Desqview minor version. I have no idea
; at what version the timeslicing calls became available, so I just assume
; they are supported. If this is an invalid assumption, this would be the
; place to test.

stc                                 ; Report sucess.
jmp     short @@clean_stack         ; and exit.

ENDP    ; Desqview_detect.

PROC    Windows_3X_detect
; Note: this function detects Windows 3.x in enhanced mode only.
; I am not a Windows guru (or even user), but I believe there is no
; capability for time-slicing in standard or real modes, therefore this
; function is sufficient for the purposes of this library.
; I am basing this function on the fine book PC Interrupts, which lists
; a number of magic values which mean WIndows 3.x enhanced mode is not running.

push    ax

mov     ax, 01600h
int     02Fh

cmp     al, 00h
jz      @@no_Windows

cmp     al, 080h
jz      @@no_Windows

cmp     al, 01h                 ; Windows/386 2.x; not supported.
jz      @@no_windows

cmp     al, 0FFh                ; Windows/386 2.x; not supported.

; If AL is none of the above values, it is the Windows major version number.

cmp     al, 03h                 ; At least Win 3.0?
jb      @@no_windows

stc                             ; Yes, report sucess.
pop     ax
ret

@@no_windows:
clc                             ; Report failure.
pop     ax
ret
ENDP

PROC    OS2_2x_detect
; I do not know of an 'official' way of testing for OS/2 presence; the
; method used here is to test the DOS version. If the major version
; is 20 or above, we assume we're in an OS/2 2.x DOS box.

push    ax
push    cx

mov     ah, 030h                    ; DOS get version fn.
int     021h

cmp     al, 014h                    ; 20 decimal.
jb      @@no_OS2

stc                                 ; Report sucess.

@@clean_stack:
pop     cx
pop     ax
ret

@@no_OS2:
clc                                 ; Report failure.
jmp     short @@clean_stack

ENDP

;; Time slicing routines for each tasker.

PROC    dummy_slice                 ; Should never be called, but does no harm.
ret
ENDP

PROC    Desqview_slice              ; Give up a slice under Desqview.

ASSUME  cs:@code, ds:nothing, es:nothing
mov     ax, 0101Ah                      ; Switch to DV's stack.
int     015h
mov     ax, 01000h                      ; Give up time-slice.
int     015h
mov     ax, 01025h                      ; Restore local stack.
int     015h
ret
ENDP

PROC    Win_3x_or_OS2_2x_slice

; This call works under either Windows 3.x in Enhanced mode, or OS/2 2.x

ASSUME  ds:@code, ds:nothing, es:nothing
mov     ax, 01680h                      ; Win 3.x / OS/2 2.x timeslice call.
int     02Fh
ret
ENDP


PROC _detect_multitasker
; Tries to find a multi-tasker.
; Returns the ID in AX, and sets up the internal data to call _timeslice.
;
; Note that this function can be safely called from Turbo/Borland C. I have
; no idea about other compilers.

push    ds
push    bx
push    cx

ASSUME  cs:@code, ds:nothing, es:nothing
mov     ax, @data
mov     ds, ax
ASSUME  ds:@data

mov     cx, NumMultitaskers     ; Number of routines to try.
xor     ax, ax

@@detect_loop:
inc     ax

; AX holds the number of the detection routine to try.
push    ax
shl     ax, 1
mov     bx, ax                  ; BX = AX * 2

call    [detect_func + bx]      ; Call this function.
pop     ax                      ; Restore AX.
jc      @@found_one             ; quit now if we hit one.

loop    @@detect_loop           ; Go through all known detection routines.

xor     ax, ax                  ; Signal failure.
jmp     short @@clean_stack     ; and exit.

@@found_one:
mov     [current_tasker], ax

@@clean_stack:
pop     cx
pop     bx
pop     ds

ASSUME  ds:nothing

ret
ENDP

PROC _timeslice
; Give up a timeslice. Depends on having the current_tasker global set by
; a call to detect_multitasker. However, will call dummy_slice and do no
; harm if detect_multitasker has not been called.
;
; Note that this function can be safely called from Turbo/Borland C. I have
; no idea about other compilers.

push    ds
push    ax
push    bx

ASSUME cs:@code, ds:nothing, es:nothing
mov     ax, @data
mov     ds, ax
ASSUME  ds:@data

mov     ax, [current_tasker]
shl     ax, 1                       ; BX = AX * 2
mov     bx, ax

call    [slice_func + bx]           ; Call appropiate time-slice function.

pop     bx
pop     ax
pop     ds
ret
ENDP

END
=== Cut ===

=== Cut ===
/* SLICE.H
*
* Turbo/Borland C prototypes for the functions provided by SLICE.ASM
*
*/
#ifndef SLICE_H_
#define SLICE_H_

/* Returns zero if no known multi-tasker found, or an ID if one is. */
int     detect_multitasker(void);

/* Give up a timeslice. detect_multitasker should be called first. */
void    timeslice(void);

#endif
=== Cut ===

=== Cut ===
/*
* TEST.C
*
* Stupid test-bed for the time-slicing functions in SLICE.ASM;
* simply detects a multi-tasker and then waits for a keystroke
* twice, once with time-slicing and once without.
*/

#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <conio.h>


#include "slice.h"

static char *tasker_names[] =
{
"None",
"DesqView",
"Windows 3.x (enhanced)",
"OS/2 2.x"
};

void main(void)
{
int tasker = detect_multitasker();

printf("Multitasker found: %s\r\n", tasker_names[tasker]);

if (!tasker)
exit(1);

puts("Waiting for keystroke (no slicing...)");
while (!kbhit())
;

getch();

puts("Waiting for keystroke (slicing...)");
while (!kbhit())
timeslice();

getch();

exit(0);
}

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Данный FAQ cоставили Ivan Borovicov и Viatcheslav Odintsov (2:5020/181) на основе OS/2 FAQ Дмитрия Завалишина (dz) и материалов переписки в группе эхоконференций su.os2.*. Оформление статей: Николай Королев. Программирование JSP для RU/2: Евгений Кулешов. Благодарности: Дмитрию Максимовичу (MaximDim) за громадную помощь на первых этапах и Дмитрию Бану (banshee) за его помощь при проверке текста.



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